Festung IJmuiden

Being a port city, IJmuiden was very important for the German occupier. Besides this, the city was the main entrance for shipping traffic heading for Amsterdam. Therefore, the city was given the highest status of Festung. Designated to resist the offensive, the defenders were ordered to defend it at all costs. So, in order to reach this goal many fortifications were built to create an impregnable fortress.

Anti-tank-obstacle-(Höcker)

In the following overview, we will describe shortly how Festung IJmuiden was set up.

Firstly, Festung IJmuiden received not less than three Navy Coastal batteries, and five Anti-Aircraft batteries for air defence. Mostly heavy bunkers built to full fortress standards. In the harbour a big naval bunker for the fast Schnellboote was available. Secondly, all around the city a typcial Landfront was erected. This front was running from Wijk aan Zee in the north, passing Velsen-Zuid in the east, heading south to Santpoort-Noord and turning left towards the sea. Established with anti-tank obstacles, infantry positions, different kind of weapons for defence, light and heavy bunkers. Thirdly, within the Festung several headquarters were established for command. Port command came from W.N. 131 and from W.N. 109 the command over the complete fortress was given. Besides these headquarters unfortunately no other remain. Last but not least, in the harbour the existing Forteiland was extended with more than twenty heavy bunkers and became ‘Kernwerk’, the center of defence.

IJmuiden

Stahlbeton global positioning map –

Stahlbeton – What is left today

1 Kitchen bunker

Kitchen-bunker

2 5655b – M 151

Bunker-M151-Quarters

1 5654 – Küver 451a

Bunker-Küver451a-Shelter-for-up-to-18-men

2 5656a – V 143

Bunker-V143-Radar-bunker

3 5656b – M 151

Bunker-M151-Quarters

4 Tobruk position

Tobruk-position

5 Observation post

Observation-post

5661a – Fl 246

Bunker-Fl246-Ammunition-depot

1 5632a – M 120

Bunker-M120-Fire-control-post

2 5634a – 671 abg 629

Bunker-671-Embrasured-emplacement

3 5635a – 671 abg 629

Bunker-671-Embrasured-emplacement

4 5636a – 671 abg 629

Bunker-671-Embrasured-emplacement

1 3315 – VF 2a

Bunker-VF2a-Group-shelter

2 5761B – 631

Bunker-631-Casemate

3 5852 – V 191

V191-Depth-charge-thrower

4 5856 – 635

Bunker-635-Twin-group-bunker

Bunker-635-Twin-group-bunker

5 5857 – 644

Bunker-644-Bunker-with-turret

Bunker-644-Bunker-with-turret

6 5860 – Water supply bunker S.K.

Water-supply-bunker-S.K.

7 5871 – M 170-656 S.K.

Bunker-M170-Casemate+656-Fifteen-man-bunker S.K.

8 5872 – M 170-656 S.K.

Bunker-M170-Casemate+656-Fifteen-man-bunker S.K..

Bunker-M170-Casemate+656-Fifteen-man-bunker S.K..

Bunker-M170-Casemate+656-Fifteen-man-bunker S.K..

9 5873 – M 170-656 S.K.

Bunker-M170-Casemate+656-Fifteen-man-bunker S.K..

Bunker-M170-Casemate+656-Fifteen-man-bunker S.K..

Bunker-M170-Casemate+656-Fifteen-man-bunker S.K..

10 5879 – 671 S.K.

Bunker-671-Embrasured-emplacement-S.K.

11 5883 – 668 abg

Bunker-668-Small-six-man-bunker

12 Anti-tank obstacle (Höcker)

Anti-tank-obstacle-(Höcker)

13 Covered trenches

Covered-trenches

1 5606 – Large storage bunker (torpedo) S.K.

Large-storage-bunker-(torpedo)-S.K.

2 BY – S-Boot-bunker

S-Boot-bunker

S-Boot-bunker

S-Boot-bunker

S-Boot-bunker

3 Unknown structure

Unknown-structure

1 5061 – VF 2a

Bunker-VF2a-Group-shelter

2 6629a – V 214

Bunker-V214-Naval-signalling-post

227

Bunker-227-Bunker-for-French-tank-turret

1 5832 – Küver 451a

Bunker-Küver451a-Shelter-for-up-to-18-men

2 5833 – Küver 451a

Bunker-Küver451a-Shelter-for-up-to-18-men

3 Personnel shelter

Personnel-shelter

4 Shelter with gun emplacement

Shelter-with-gun-emplacement

5 Machinery bunker

Machinery-bunker

6 Personnel shelter

Personnel-shelter

7 Storage bunker

Storage-bunker

8 5833A – M 272

Bunker-M272-Casemate-120°

9 5834A – M 272

Bunker-M272-Casemate-120°

10 5835 – Küver 451b

Bunker-Küver451b-Shelter-for-up-to-18-men

11 5832B – 134

Bunker-134-Ammunition-bunker

12 Personnel shelter

Personnel-shelter

13 5831A – M 178

Bunker-M178-Fire-control-post

14 5835A – M 272

Bunker-M272-Casemate-120°

15 Former emplacement

Former-emplacement

16 5841A – 134

Bunker-134-Ammunition-bunker

17 Shelter with gun emplacement

Shelter-with-gun-emplacement

18 5836A – M 272

Bunker-M272-Casemate-120°

19 Former emplacement

Former-emplacement

20 (Covered) trenches

(Covered) trenches

(Covered)-trenches

1 Tank turret position

Tank-turret-position

2 Personnel shelter

Personnel-shelter

3 5753 – 501

Bunker-501-Groupshelter

4 5754 – 621

Bunker-621-Group-shelter

5 Küver 467 (assumed)

Bunker-Küver467-Personnel-shelter

Bunker-Küver467-Personnel-shelter

6 Storage bunker (assumed)

Storage-bunker

7 Küver 467 (assumed)

Bunker-Küver467-Personnel-shelter

Bunker-Küver467-Personnel-shelter

8 Anti-tank-obstacle-(Höcker)

Anti-tank-obstacle-(Höcker)

9 Anti-tank-obstacle-(Höcker)

Anti-tank-obstacle-(Höcker)

1 227

Bunker-227-Bunker-for-French-tank-turret

2 Emplacement

Emplacement

3 58c

Bunker-58c-80cm-circular-emplacement

4 5695 – 501

Bunker-501-Groupshelter

5 VF 7a

Bunker-VF7a-Ammunition-bunker

6 VF 7a

Bunker-VF7a-Ammunition-bunker

7 5694 – 501

Bunker-501-Groupshelter

Bunker-501-Groupshelter

8 VF 7a

Bunker-VF7a-Ammunition-bunker

9 227

Bunker-227-Bunker-for-French-tank-turret

10 Personnel shelter

Personnel-shelter

11 58c

Bunker-58c-80cm-circular-emplacement

12 Anti-tank obstacle (Höcker)

Anti-tank-obstacle-(Höcker)

13 Anti-tank wall

Anti-tank wall

1 5702 – 501

Bunker-501-Groupshelter

2 5701 – 134

Bunker-134-Ammunition-bunker

3 5703 – 501

Bunker-501-Groupshelter

1 Unknown structure

Unknown-structure

2 227

Bunker-227-Bunker-for-French-tank-turret

1 5250 – 676

Bunker-676-Casemate

Bunker-676-Casemate

2 5250a – 668

Bunker-668-Small-six-man-bunker

3 Ammunition bunker (assumed)

Ammunition-bunker-(assumed)

4 5795 – Tobruk-position

Tobruk-position

5 Personnel shelter

Personnel-shelter

6 5801 – Fl 246

Bunker-Fl246-Ammunition-depot

7 Tobruk-position

Tobruk-position

8 Personnel shelter

Personnel-shelter

9 Personnel shelter

Personnel-shelter

Personnel-shelter

10 Fla 14

Bunker-Fla14-Position-for-10,5cm-AA-gun

Bunker-Fla14-Position-for-10,5cm-AA-gun

11 Storage bunker (water)

Storage-bunker-(water)

12 Personnel shelter

Personnel-shelter

13 Tobruk-position

Tobruk-position

14 111 – Fortified entrance (Walzkörpersperre)

Fortified-entrance-(Walzkörpersperre)

Fortified-entrance-(Walzkörpersperre)

1 5252 – 502

Bunker-502-Group-shelter

2 5251 – 134

Bunker-134-Ammunition-bunker

3 Toilet bunker

Toilet-bunker

4 58c

Bunker-58c-80cm-circular-emplacement

5 65a

Bunker-65a-Position-for-5cm-KwK

5253 – 502

Bunker-502-Group-shelter

Bunker-502-Group-shelter

1 Anti-tank gun bunker

Anti-tank-gun-bunker

2 Storage bunker (water)

Storage-bunker-(water)

3 5254 – 502

Bunker-502-Group-shelter

4 Toilet bunker

Toilet-bunker

1 Personnel shelter

Personnel-shelter

2 5266 – 502

Bunker-502-Group-shelter

Bunker-502-Group-shelter

3 Storage bunker (water)

Storage-bunker-(water)

4 Personnel shelter

Personnel-shelter

1 Tobruk-position

Tobruk-position

2 Personnel shelter

Personnel-shelter

3 5263 – 621

Bunker-621-Groupshelter

4 Tobruk-position

Tobruk-position

5 5265 – 501

Bunker-501-Groupshelter

6 Toilet bunker

Toilet-bunker

Unknown structure

Unknown-structure

1 5301 – 622

Bunker-622-Twin-groupshelter

2 5302 – 502

Bunker-502-Group-shelter

3 Cable switch board

Cable-switch-board

5308 – 502

Bunker-502-Group-shelter

5310 – 621

Bunker-621-Groupshelter

1 5210 – 117b

Bunker-117a-Headquarters

Bunker-117a-Headquarters

2 5210A – 502

Bunker-502-Group-shelter

3 5210B – 117b

Bunker-117b-Headquarters

Bunker-117b-Headquarters-1

4 5210C – 622

Bunker-622-Twin-groupshelter

5 Storage bunker (water)

Storage-bunker-(water)

1 5528 – Küver 451a

Bunker-Küver451a-Shelter-for-up-to-18-men

Bunker-Küver451a-Shelter-for-up-to-18-men

2 Covered trenches

Covered trenches

3 58c

Bunker-58c-80cm-circular-emplacement

4 Storage bunker

Storage-bunker

5 Storage bunker (water)

Storage-bunker-(water)

6 Unknown structure

Unknown-structure

7 Unknown structure

Unknown-structure

1 VF 2a

Bunker-VF2a-Group-shelter

2 Unknown structure

Unknown-structure

Unknown structure

Unknown-structure

1 Unknown structure

Unknown-structure

2 Unknown structure

Unknown-structure

1 5520 – VF 2a

Bunker-VF2a-Group-shelter

2 Unknown structure

Unknown-structure

3 VF 2a

Bunker-VF2a-Group-shelter

5215 – M 151

Bunker-M151-Quarters-for-1officer-3NCO-24privates

Bunker-M151-Quarters-for-1officer-3NCO-24privates

Bunker-M151-Quarters-for-1officer-3NCO-24privates

Bunker-M151-Quarters-for-1officer-3NCO-24privates

1 Tobruk position

Tobruk-position

2 VF 1a

Bunker-VF1a-Shelter-for-up-to-6-men

Bunker-VF1a-Shelter-for-up-to-6-men

3 Tobruk position

Tobruk-position

4 Tobruk position

Tobruk-position

5 Covered trenches

Covered-trenches

Covered-trenches

Covered-trenches

Dressing station S.K. (assumed)

Dressing-station-S.K.-(assumed)

1 Anti-tank-obstacle-(Höcker)

Anti-tank-obstacle-(Höcker)

2 Anti-tank-obstacle-(Höcker)

Anti-tank-obstacle-(Höcker)

3 Anti-tank wall

Anti-tank wall

4 Anti-tank-obstacle (Höcker)

Anti-tank-obstacle-(Höcker)

5 Anti-tank wall

Anti-tank-wall

6 Anti-tank wall

Anti-tank-wall

7 Anti-tank wall

Anti-tank-wall

8 Anti-tank wall

Anti-tank-wall

9 Anti-tank ditch

Anti-tank-ditch

10 Anti-tank ditch

Anti-tank-ditch

11 Anti-tank ditch

Anti-tank-ditch

12 Anti-tank ditch

Anti-tank-ditch

13 Anti-tank wall

Anti-tank-wall

1 Kabelbrunnen Nicolaas Beetslaan

Cable-switch-board

2 Kabelbrunnen Paasdal

Cable-switch-board